Yet it can happen that a single technology has several effects. Sulfonates in lubricating oils can act as dispersants, anti-wear agents, and as anti-corrosives, so which is their true effect? This matter of Ducati’s scoop is a question that can’t be answered objectively, so it will be dealt with by talking about it until everyone is tired. What if Ducati devised the scoop to cool the tire, rear suspension unit, or fuel tank, and later discovered that it also produced a slight downforce? Is that possible or suspected downforce greater than what could be achieved by an imperceptible change in the shape of the windscreen, front fender, or fairing nose? Might wider soles on a rider’s boots, because of their downward incidence, be considered aero devices?