Motorcycles and bicycles are inherently linked and always have been. The early days of production motorcycles were full of engines attached to bicycle frames, and that’s actually how Ducati itself got into the world of two-wheelers. Before World War 2, Ducati was happily churning out components for radios and other electronic goods. Post war, the market for luxury items was slim, but having basic transportation became highly important. Seeing an opportunity, Ducati came up with a 50cc four-stroke engine that bolted onto a bicycle frame. From there, the Italian manufacturer developed its own dedicated motorcycle frames, added more cylinders and, eventually, ended up with today’s 221-horsepower Panigale V4 R; now the company is returning to its transportation roots — in a way.