Through the 1920s, when a motorcycle chassis design showed misbehavior at speed, one of the standard remedies was to “add more stays.” Stays were braces, run back to the axle plates, often at three levels. The top stays began at the top of the saddle tube (the vertical tube behind engine and gearbox, with the saddle at its top). Bottom stays began at the bottom of the gearbox mounting plates. And, when necessary, so-called “torque stays” were added at intermediate level, originating at the top of the gearbox mounting plates. The famed Brough Superior V-twin tourers were given “doubled stays” for a total of 12 such members.